December 12th, 2019
Chinese scientists detect a new viral outbreak that, in the following month, would be reported as the “Wuhan virus”, the eighth most populous city in China.
The timeline of the news, however, is different from that of the facts. And there are several signs indicating that the virus was already spreading in Spain, France, and even Brazil – aside from China itself, of course – on earlier dates.
December 31st, 2019
After 19 days of research upon detection of the virus, China informed the World Health Organization that a pneumonia caused by unknown sources had been reported in Wuhan.
January 8th, 2020
Less than a month after the detection of the outbreak, Chinese scientists find out that the pneumonia had been caused by a new type of coronavirus.
January 9th, 2020
A 61-year-old man who was a regular at Wuhan Seafood Wholesale Market is officially the first fatal victim of COVID-19. However, the fact would only be reported two days later.
January 13th, 2020
After only 41 confirmed cases in China, the first diagnosis of COVID-19 is recorded across Chinese borders. The victim had returned from Wuhan to Thailand five days earlier.
January 28th, 2020
With more than 4,500 cases of COVID-19 worldwide, and 106 deaths, the Brazilian President, Jair Bolsonaro, refuses to help a group of 70 Brazilians who, according to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, had been in the vicinity of Wuhan.
January 30th, 2020
With almost 10,000 confirmed cases, and more than 200 deaths reported worldwide, WHO declares the outbreak of the new coronavirus as an international public health emergency.
February 19th, 2020
Didier Raoult, a French microbiologist, on a problematic article based on a Chinese research, spreads that clinical evaluation confirmed that chloroquine would be effective against the new coronavirus.
February 26th, 2020
Brazil confirms the first case of COVID-19.
March 7th, 2020 – 13 cases confirmed in Brazil
Even though the world is already at a halt due to COVID-19, the Brazilian President, Jair Bolsonaro, travels to the United States to yet another embarrassing meet-and-greet with Donald Trump.
At least 23 members of the delegation would return to Brazil infected with COVID-19.
Based on a statement by Eduardo Bolsonaro, one of the sons of the President, Fox News reports that Jair Bolsonaro had also fallen ill, but the network was forced to rectify the information after Eduardo Bolsonaro changed the version that he had previously provided.
For two months, however, Bolsonaro himself made a point of hiding from the press the test that could confirm the statement made by his son.
March 13th, 2020 – 151 cases in Brazil
The Italian drama frightens the entire world over the news, and the authorities advocate for the adoption of social isolation. On this date, some Brazilian schools interrupt their activities.
March 15th, 2020 – 162 cases in Brazil
Ignoring social isolation, Jair Bolsonaro attends the first of several pro-coup acts. From this date on, the President would be a constant figure on those Sunday acts.
The first known anti-democratic demonstration crying out against the sanitary measures recommended by the Ministry of Health was attended by Antonio Barra Torres, president of Anvisa (the Brazilian FDA).
March 16th, 2020 – 200 cases in Brazil
A trial by Didier Raoult states that the “treatment with chloroquine is associated with the decline/disappearance of viral load in patients with COVID-19, and its effect is enhanced by azithromycin”.
Despite the 300,000 cases of COVID-19 worldwide, Raoult’s trial evaluated only 20 of them. In May, the trial was taken down by its authors without ever being published in a scientific journal.
March 17th, 2020 – 321 cases in Brazil
Even after the confirmation of the first fatal victim of COVID-19 in Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro does not hide that the leading role played by the Minister of Health is bothering him.
Ignoring the instructions provided on a daily basis on TV by Luiz Henrique Mandetta, the Minister of Health, the President of the Republic vows to receive more than a thousand guests at his birthday party.
March 19th 2020 – 6 deaths in Brazil
Based on Didier Raoult’s trial, Donald Trump announces to the world that he would be cutting up red tape so chloroquine could be used in the treatment against the new coronavirus.
March 20th, 2020 – 11 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro minimizes the severity of the pandemic by arguing that, “after the stab, a little flu won’t bring me down” — during the presidential campaign in 2018, Jair Bolsonaro was stabbed in the belly, a fact that he used as an excuse to miss debates, as well as an alibi to talk to his supporters throughout social media.
Since the Federal Government remains inert in the face of the pandemic, the state governors start taking action against it, which leads to complaints by the President of the Republic.
Eduardo Bolsonaro once again triggers a diplomatic crisis with China, leading to a reaction from the Chinese embassy that would force the president of the House of Representatives to apologize.
March 21st, 2020 — 15 deaths in Brazil
Used to being a copycat of Donald Trump, the Brazilian President announces on social media that he had ordered the Army to increase chloroquine production, a medicine used against malaria in Brazil.
March 22nd, 2020 – 25 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro says that the pandemic numbers measured by the Ministry of Health are overrated. Lying once again, he spreads that governors and the press were deceiving public opinion.
March 24th, 2020 — 46 deaths in Brazil
On a national broadcast announcement, Jair Bolsonaro cynically preaches against social isolation, claiming to be protected from what he once again calls a “little flu” due to his athletic background.
March 25th, 2020 – 59 deaths in Brazil
After Jair Bolsonaro advocated for the relaxation of social isolation, the national post office service (Correios) starts cutting down on the paycheck of employees who were following quarantine.
Warned about the risk of Brazil having 200,000 COVID-19 fatal victims, Jair Bolsonaro says that the world would see no more than 20,000 deaths.
March 26th, 2020 – 77 deaths in Brazil
The Federal Government’s opposition asks for an emergency aid of R$500, more than twice the R$200 proposed by Bolsonaro.
When the President realizes he would be defeated on this issue, the government, with no impact assessment, proposes increasing the aid to R$600, while claiming as its own the victory that was obviously the opposition’s.
Six days later, however, another of Bolsonaro’s sons, Carlos Bolsonaro, “bad mouths” the financial aid, saying it is “socialist”, and referring to its enthusiasts as ”leftist toilet paper in exchange for crumbs“.
March 27th, 2020 – 92 deaths in Brazil
Against social isolation, Jair Bolsonaro advocates for what he calls “vertical isolation”, a measure that would protect only those groups that were at risk. Still, he concedes to not having any research to support the idea.
A study by Imperial College predicts the death of at least 44,000 Brazilians. But the tragedy could reach over 500,000 deaths if the vertical isolation proposed by Bolsonaro were adopted.
The courts, then, forbid Jair Bolsonaro of adopting measures that would sabotage social isolation.
At the same time, however, the Communication’s Office prepares a campaign against social isolation at the cost of R$5 million with no bidding process.
March 28th, 2020 – 111 deaths in Brazil
The Federal Justice prevents Bolsonaro’s government from running the campaign against social isolation.
March 29th, 2020 – 136 deaths in Brazil
On WhatsApp, Jair Bolsonaro encourages supporters to sabotage social isolation.
March 30th, 2020 – 159 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro empties the crisis committee, puts an end to the explanatory daily press conferences by the Ministry of Health, and spreads a lie about how a fatal accident was used to inflate COVID-19 numbers.
Augusto Aras, the attorney general, on a demonstration of how his interests do not align with those of the people, but with those of the Palácio do Planalto, asks the Supreme Court to take down executive orders mandating social isolation.
April 1st, 2020 — 240 deaths in Brazil
Preaching against social isolation, Jair Bolsonaro shares a fake video about a shortage of food supply that did not actually happen.
On that same date, the supplier that would sell chloroquine to the Army at a price 167% higher than the regular rate was consulted by the Bolsonaro government even before formalizing any public price consultation process.
April 2nd, 2020 — 324 deaths in Brazil
Complaining that the governors were “chickening out” in face of the disease, Jair Bolsonaro says that all he needs is popular support in order to sign a ready-made executive order to take down social isolation.
The Minister of Health informs the presidents of the House of Representatives and of the Federal Senate that the President of the Republic had asked him to resign. However, he told him that he would have to be exonerated by the President himself if he wanted to.
April 13th , 2020 – 1,328 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro vetoes cell phone data usage to map social isolation.
In Manaus, a chloroquine trial was halted after showing risks to the health of the volunteers.
Unhappy with the negative results of the trial, the Bolsonaro government decides to take over the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, one of the biggest scientific institutes in Brazil, responsible for the development of medicines and vaccines, as well in the undertaking of health and epidemiological research. Fiocruz researchers are threatened on social media.
April 16th, 2020 – 1,924 deaths in Brazil
After using Abin (the Brazilian equivalent of the CIA) to set up a clandestine investigation against the Minister of Health, Jair Bolsonaro exonerates Luiz Henrique Mandetta for constantly ignoring his presidential insanity and for working in accordance with WHO guidelines.
April 17th, 2020 – 2,141 deaths in Brazil
Once again, Jair Bolsonaro speaks in favor of opening several economic sectors, such as popular trade centers, but promises to take responsibility if the situation gets worse.
On the same date, the President of the Republic asks Sergio Moro, Minister of Justice, to reopen the country’s borders.
April 19th, 2020 — 2,462 deaths in Brazil
Aligned with his boss, Abraham Weintraub, the worst Minister of Education of all times, promises to reward universities that sabotage social isolation.
April 20th, 2020 – 2,587 deaths in Brazil
When warned about the high number of deaths on this day, Jair Bolsonaro replies to a journalist, “I’m not a gravedigger, all right?”
On the same date, Celso de Mello, still a Supreme Court minister, uses his position to prevent the Ministry of Health from confiscating 68 ventilators purchased by the government of Maranhão.
April 22nd, 2020 – 2,906 deaths in Brazil
At a ministerial meeting, Jair Bolsonaro complains about the general director of the Highway Patrol Police, who would be fired for not mentioning the comorbidities of a police officer who died from COVID-19 in a tribute he made in his honor.
April 25th, 2020 – 4,057 deaths in Brazil
Instead of delivering the 14,000 ventilators previously promised, the Federal Government schedules the distribution of less than 300.
April 26th, 2020 — 4,286 deaths in Brazil
Forty days after committing to provide ICU beds for fighting COVID-19, the Federal Government had delivered less than 20% of the total amount.
April 27th, 2020 – 4,603 deaths in Brazil
The President is warned by Abin that the pandemic was advancing so strongly in the North region of Brazil that the cemeteries of Manaus, the capital city of the state of Amazonas, were already collapsing. The warning was, however, ignored.
The legal department points out that the price of chloroquine had risen 167%. Even so, the Army would complete the purchase of the drug which was known to be ineffective against COVID-19.
April 28th, 2020 — 5,083 deaths in Brazil
After hearing a reporter saying that Brazil had overcome China in total number of deaths from COVID-19, Jair Bolsonaro replies, “So what? I’m sorry for that. What do you want me to do? I’m a Messias, but I don’t perform miracles” — Messias is Bolsonaro’s middle name, which translates to Messiah in English.
May 7th, 2020 – 9,190 deaths in Brazil
Even though he had not scheduled an appointment with the ministers of the Supreme Court, Jair Bolsonaro takes a group of businessmen to talk to its president in order to lobby in favor of the relaxation of social isolation.
May 11th, 2020 – 11,653 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro includes gyms and beauty salons as essential services and considers vetoing the payment of the emergency aid to these categories, thus forcing workers to be exposed to the risks of the pandemic.
May 13th, 2020 — 13,240 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro finally presents a negative test for COVID-19 after two months withholding it from public opinion.
In parallel, the Army buys the first 100kg of materials – out of a total of 600kg – for producing chloroquine at a cost 167% higher than that of the previous contract.
May 14th, 2020 — 13,999 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro publishes a provisional measure exempting public officials who, much like himself, were in the wrong in terms of action or inaction regarding the pandemic.
May 15th, 2020 — 14,962 deaths in Brazil
The Bolsonaro government hinders the access to the emergency aid by conditioning its distribution to the withdrawal of lawsuits against the Union by states and municipalities.
For not agreeing with Bolsonaro’s insistence in prescribing chloroquine, a medicine with no proven efficacy against COVID-19, Nelson Teich resigns as Minister of Health. He was the second Minister to leave the government during the pandemic.
May 16th, 2020 — 15,662 deaths in Brazil
When the pandemic reached its 80th day, the Bolsonaro government had sent the states less than 3% of the promised amount of ventilators.
May 20th, 2020 — 18,859 deaths in Brazil
With no Minister of Health, the government changes its guidelines regarding the use of chloroquine, allowing irresponsible doctors to prescribe a drug without proven efficacy to the treatment of COVID-19.
Such a serious, irresponsible, and criminal decision was taken without any guidance by Anvisa (the Brazilian FDA).
May 21st, 2020 — 20,047 deaths in Brazil
Through the ordinance number 1,393, and later ordinance number 1,448, both signed by Eduardo Pazuello, the designated military officer responsible for the Ministry of Health, the Bolsonaro government transfers R$7.6 million to entities that do NOT deal with COVID-19 cases.
May 25th, 2020 — 23,473 deaths in Brazil
For the first time, Brazil appears in the statistics as the country with the highest number of deaths by COVID-19 in 24 hours.
Experts from the Ministry of Health point out to Eduardo Pazuello that Brazil could take up to two years to get rid of COVID-19 without social isolation.
The Emergency Operations Committee warned the Ministry of Health that the Bolsonaro government was at risk of having millions of chloroquine tablets stranded in stock.
May 27th, 2020 — 25,598 deaths in Brazil
Even when the pandemic reached its 92nd day, the Bolsonaro government had used less than 7% of the R$11.74 billion made available to fight the virus.
May 28th, 2020 — 26,764 deaths in Brazil
The Bolsonaro government revokes an ordinance that required individuals with symptoms of COVID-19 infection to stay isolated.
May 29th, 2020 — 27,878 deaths in Brazil
The omission of data regarding the lack of medicine and materials is discussed and recommended in another meeting of the Bolsonaro government’s Operations Emergency Committee.
June 3rd, 2020 — 32,548 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro vetoes the use of R$8.6 billion – from a fund that no longer existed – for fighting COVID-19.
June 5th, 2020 — 35,026 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro pressures the Ministry of Health to hinder the access of the press and the population to statistics related to the progress of COVID-19 in Brazil.
June 11th, 2020 — 40,919 deaths in Brazil
The president also says that he had vetoed part of a bill that allowed building managers from all over the country to prevent parties in condos in order to avoid gatherings.
June 19th, 2020 — 48,954 deaths in Brazil
Brazil surpasses one million cases and breaks the world record of confirmed diagnoses on a single day.
June 20th, 2020 — 49,967 deaths in Brazil
Since the start of the pandemic, from more than 632 commitments on the presidential schedule, only 47 were related to fighting the new coronavirus. In the previous month, the total count was six.
June 21, 2020, 50,591 deaths in Brazil
On the same date, Carlos Bolsonaro releases a note of regret for what he calls the establishment of “socialism” in Argentina – something that happened only inside his lunatic mind.
June 23rd, 2020 — 52,645 deaths in Brazil
The Minister of Economy, Paulo Guedes, sends an official letter to the Minister of Health questioning if there was any interest in importing syringes from China. This subject would be ignored for at least six months.
June 24th, 2020 — 53,830 deaths in Brazil
The Federal Court of Auditors approves a report stating that the Bolsonaro government had no guidelines for fighting COVID-19, which could result in more deaths and waste of public funds.
June 26th, 2020 — 55,961 deaths in Brazil
Ignoring all warnings, the Army piles up enough chloroquine in their own labs to supply the population with the medicine for 18 years.
June 27th, 2020 — 57,070 deaths in Brazil
On an unscheduled trip, Jair Bolsonaro, wearing no protection against COVID-19, gathers crowds while greeting supporters on the roadsides of BR-050.
June 29th, 2020 — 58,314 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health contacts at least 20 addressees requesting the consideration of chloroquine as an “early drug treatment” for COVID-19.
July 1st, 2020 — 60,632 deaths in Brazil
The Bolsonaro government mispurposes a donation of around R$7.5 million intended for the purchase of COVID-19 rapid tests to a program led by Michelle Bolsonaro, the First Lady.
The program would end up transferring funds to evangelical missions associated with Minister Damares Alves with no regard to fair competition practices.
July 3rd, 2020 63,174 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro vetoes the compulsory use of masks in commerce, industries, schools, religious temples and closed spaces where there are gatherings.
Claiming that it is “for fags”, the President refuses to wear a mask even in his workplace, which leads officials and visitors to follow through with the bad example.
Until then, the Presidency of the Republic’s office had registered 108 cases of COVID-19.
July 4th, 2020 — 64,265 deaths in Brazil
Wearing no protection against COVID-19, Jair Bolsonaro, his son Flávio Bolsonaro and some of the ministers celebrate the independence of the United States with the American ambassador.
July 6th, 2020 — 65,487 deaths in Brazil
Only two days after meeting the American ambassador, Jair Bolsonaro starts showing symptoms of COVID-19.
Even so, the President of the Republic extended his veto on mask mandates to also include prison facilities, which Gilmar Mendes, judge of the Supreme Federal Court, would overthrow in the following month.
July 7th, 2020 — 66,741 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro announces he is infected with COVID-19.
In the days before the confirmation of his diagnosis, the President of the Republic had gathered with hundreds of people.
Unlike the first time, when he had used aliases to take the test, allegedly due to security concerns, Jair Bolsonaro now discloses a test with his first and last name in order to attest to the results.
Jair Bolsonaro takes advantage of his own drama to once again promote the irresponsible use of chloroquine while widely spreading misinformation.
The President of the Republic, however, undergoes two daily cardiac tests to measure the side effects of the drug. This would not be possible to the poorest portions of the population, who do not have access to such resources.
July 8th, 2020 — 67,964 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro vetoes excerpts of a bill that aimed at providing supplies of drinking water, hygiene products and hospital beds, as well as easy access to the emergency subsidies by part of the indigenous population.
This is the first time a bill is so extensively vetoed by Jair Bolsonaro.
July 10th, 2020 – 70,398 deaths in Brazil
Anvisa warns about the fact that there are no conclusive studies proving the efficacy of ivermectin, an ordinary vermifuge, in the treatment of COVID-19.
In a week, the total number of COVID-19 cases rises from 108 up to 128 among the employees of the Palácio do Planalto.
July 12th, 2020 – 72,100 deaths in Brazil
July 15th, 2020 – 75,366 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro, who went so far as to pressure the Minister of Health to recommend chloroquine in the treatment of COVID-19, lies by reassuring that he had not recommended the prescription of the drug.
July 18th, 2020 – 78,772 deaths in Brazil
The Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases warns that “it is urgent and necessary that hydroxychloroquine is abandoned in the treatment of any stage of COVID-19.”
Jair Bolsonaro, who had lied three days earlier by denying that he had recommended the use of chloroquine, says he was the living proof that it works – but he is not, never has been, and never will be.
July 20th, 2020 — 80,120 deaths in Brazil
Research reveals that one-fifth of Brazilians mistakenly believe that chloroquine is the cure for COVID-19.
The Ministry of Health, which had previously recommended that data should be omitted regarding any scarcity of materials and medicines, acknowledges the shortage of medicines used for the intubation of critically ill patients infected with COVID-19.
Meanwhile, the Bolsonaro government is in possession of 4 million chloroquine tablets stranded in stock.
July 21st 2020 – 81,487 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health discontinues its funding to the largest Brazilian undergoing research on the prevalence of coronavirus.
July 23rd 2020 — 84,082 deaths in Brazil
Infected with COVID-19, Jair Bolsonaro talks to employees who work at the presidential residence with no mask on.
July 27th, 2020 – 87,618 deaths in Brazil
With 4 million chloroquine tablets stranded in stock, the Ministry of Health fails to disclose the assessment of unavailable medicines.
July 28th, 2020 — 88,539 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro vetoes the clause that allowed third parties to collect medicines that require continuous use for patients at risk, forcing ill people to commute during the pandemic.
July 30th, 2020 — 91,263 deaths in Brazil
Although having yet to sign the contract with AstraZeneca, Jair Bolsonaro starts making xenophobic attacks against Coronavac, a vaccine negotiated between the government of São Paulo and a Chinese company to be produced in Brazil by Butantan, one of the most important public scientific developers in Latin America, as well as a traditional vaccine provider for the country and Latin America.
July 31st, 2020 – 92,475 deaths in Brazil
In order to make use of so many stranded chloroquine tablets, the Ministry of Health quintuples the distribution of chloroquine to SUS (Brazilian Unified Health System).
August 3rd, 2020 – 94,665 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro vetoes a bill that provided a compensation of R$50,000 to health workers who had become disabled due to work undertaken in the fight against COVID-19.
The documents used as a basis for the presidential veto are then set as classified information by the Attorney’s General Office and the Comptroller General of the Union.
August 6th, 2020 – 98,493 deaths in Brazil
With the number of deaths by COVID-19 approaching 100,000, Jair Bolsonaro recommends people to simply “move on with their lives“.
August 8th, 2020 – 100,477 deaths in Brazil
August 9, 2020 – 101,049 deaths in Brazil
With the total number of deaths reaching up to six digits, Jair Bolsonaro keeps on criticizing social isolation, as well as on attacking Rede Globo, the major news and entertainment media conglomerate in Brazil, and taking advantage of his empty agenda on weekends to go for walks and “see people”.
Meanwhile, manufacturers are already warning about the risk of shortage of needles for the administration of future vaccines.
August 12th, 2020 – 104,201 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro vetoes excerpts of a provisional measure that was supposed to remove taxes from some products and services necessary in the fight against COVID-19.
At the graduation ceremony of federal police officers, Jair Bolsonaro takes off his mask claiming that everyone would eventually get COVID-19.
August 13th, 2020 – 105,463 deaths in Brazil
On a visit to Belém, the capital city of the state of Pará, Jair Bolsonaro lies by stating that chloroquine had saved 100,000 lives.
The Bolsonaro government plans on spending part of R$8.6 billion that had been approved and assigned to fighting actions against COVID-19 in infrastructure projects instead. This money was intended for states and municipalities.
August 15th, 2020 – 107,232 deaths in Brazil
Pfizer sends the first of three proposals to the Bolsonaro government offering vaccines that would be delivered by December. The terms are the same upon which other countries had agreed, but the Brazilian’s Ministry of Health turns them down.
August 18th, 2020 – 109,888 deaths in Brazil
Even with the total number of deaths approaching 110,000, the Bolsonaro government plans a budget cut of R$47 billion in the Ministry of Health.
August 19th, 2020 – 111,100 deaths in Brazil
Going against all the recommendations of health and science experts, Jair Bolsonaro lies about the efficacy of masks, discouraging the use of such an essential piece of protective equipment.
Flávio Bolsonaro, one of the sons of the President, is caught traveling by plane with his mask on his chin.
August 20th, 2020 – 112,304 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health prevents NGO Doctors Without Borders from helping indigenous villages with around 5,000 indigenous people that had been experiencing a collapse in their health system.
August 22nd, 2020 – 114,250 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro promotes an event that, on its own name, lies about Brazil defeating COVID-19.
August 24th, 2020 – 115,309 deaths in Brazil
The day after physically threatening a journalist, Jair Bolsonaro once again disrespects the press —and also the decorum of his own position— by lying about journalists being more likely to die due to COVID-19.
September 01st, 2020 — 122,596 deaths in Brazil
September 02nd, 2020 — 123,780 deaths in Brazil
In yet another eugenicist and lying speech, Jair Bolsonaro advocates once again that those who are in “good physical shape” have no reason to fear COVID-19.
September 4th, 2020 – 125,502 deaths in Brazil
On the 192nd day of the pandemic, the Ministry of Health had distributed only 28% of the COVID-19 tests considered “gold standard”. Due to a lack of materials, there were still 9.5 million tests waiting to be deployed.
September 08th, 2020 – 127,464 deaths in Brazil
The Pan American Health Organization sends an offer on the purchase of needles. A technical report from the Ministry of Health recommends that the acquisition is delivered via air freighting services, since it would be faster.
The Ministry, however, would ignore the report, taking three months to respond to the PAHO’s proposal.
September 9th, 2020 – 128,539 deaths in Brazil
The Alexandre de Gusmão Foundation, associated with Itamaraty, publishes a video riddled with lies regarding the efficacy of wearing a mask in the pandemic and the risks that they would pose to people’s health.
September 11th, 2020 – 130,396 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro lies by stating that Brazil is “virtually defeating the pandemic.”
September 16th, 2020 – 134,106 deaths in Brazil
After 124 days and 119,144 fatal victims due to COVID-19, Brazil has a Minister of Health again. General Eduardo Pazuello, who was already working as interim, takes over the position permanently.
Shortly after, Eduardo Pazuello speaks of his intention of distributing to popular pharmacies what he calls “COVID kit”, a package of medicines that had already been proven ineffective against COVID-19.
September 25th, 2020 – 140,537 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health announces the “National Awareness Day for Early Care”, an action to promote the “COVID kit” and, by analogy, the use of chloroquine to fight COVID-19.
Days later, after a lot of criticism, the initiative would be canceled.
September 30th, 2020 – 143,952 deaths in Brazil
By the end of September, the Bolsonaro government reduces by 11.5% the total number of tests for the diagnosis of COVID-19, which was not recommended by experts.
October 10th 2020 – 150,198 deaths in Brazil
While Brazil reaches more than 150,000 deaths by COVID-19, Jair Bolsonaro encourages a supporter to remove his mask, criticizes social isolation, and advocates the use of chloroquine as treatment.
October 11th, 2020 — 150,488 deaths in Brazil
Approaching half of its term, the Bolsonaro government turns Brazil into the country with the second largest debt within the World Health Organization.
October 13th, 2020 – 150,998 deaths in Brazil
Amidst the election campaign for Mayor and city councilors, Bolsonaro’s supporters use social media to demand denialist promises and to declare votes on those committed to these views.
October 14th, 2020 — 151,747 deaths in Brazil
Ignoring the vaccine produced by Butantan, Eduardo Pazuello, Minister of Health, promises vaccination only as of April 2021, which results in rightful protests put forward by state governors.
October 18th, 2020 – 153,675 deaths in Brazil
Over the weekend, Jair Bolsonaro is informed that the Ministry of Health intends to buy 46 million doses of Coronavac from Butantan. The President is not opposed to the idea.
October 19th, 2020 — 154,176 deaths in Brazil
Eduardo Pazuello sends a letter to Butantan confirming their intention to buy 46 million doses of Coronavac.
In parallel, a Senate commission confirms Antonio Barra Torres as Anvisa’s director.
October 20th, 2020 – 154,837 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health finally informs the population about its intention to buy 46 million doses of Coronavac from Butantan.
Carlos Bolsonaro, one of the sons of the President, warns his father that his supporters’ reaction on social media had been terrible.
On the same date, in an extra edition of the Official Gazette, Jair Bolsonaro indicates a new name for the board of Anvisa.
Later in the evening, the Senate approves the name of Antonio Barra Torres to run the Agency.
By the end of all the replacements that had taken place, Anvisa’s board now features one military who supports Bolsonaro, one who was nominated by the centrist parties, and one who advocates for the use of chloroquine to fight COVID-19.
October 21st, 2020 — 155,403 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro pretends to be surprised and withdraws his authorization to purchase 46 million doses of Coronovac, even though he had been previously informed about the negotiation.
The staging of the President also includes complaints about Eduardo Pazuello willing “to be under the spotlights, like Mandetta“.
Jair Bolsonaro, who spent all year advocating for the use of chloroquine even without any scientific evidence to support it, says that “any and all vaccines are discarded” until they are backed by “scientific evidence”.
The cancellation of the purchase of the vaccine produced by Butantan outrages the state governors.
However, they can’t even approach Eduardo Pazuello about the matter because the Minister of Health is infected with COVID-19.
Luiz Henrique Mandetta, former Minister of Health, warns that Jair Bolsonaro was taking the political war against João Doria, the governor of the state of São Paulo, down into Anvisa.
A TCU (the Federal Court of Auditors) report points out flaws of the Ministry of Health regarding actions to fight COVID-19.
In the course of this very long day, COVID-19 kills Arolde de Oliveira, a senator who supported Bolsonaro and who owned a network responsible for spreading a great amount of misinformation about the pandemic.
October 22nd, 2021 – 155,900 deaths in Brazil
Butantan blames Anvisa for delaying the authorization to import materials for the production of Coronavac.
Jair Bolsonaro ups the ante and guarantees that Coronavac will not be purchased, even with the approval of Anvisa.
Ricardo Barros, leader of the government in the House of Representatives, speaks once again in favor of herd immunity as a solution to the pandemic, something that health authorities had already ruled out six months before.
Luís Roberto Barroso, judge of the Supreme Court, orders that the Bolsonaro government come up with a new plan to contain the advance of COVID-19 in indigenous lands, since the current plan was considered too vague.
After an unusual period of silence for someone so boastful, Jair Bolsonaro finally makes a statement about the death of Senator Arolde de Oliveira, although he minimizes what happened: “It happens to everyone at some point.”
October 23rd 2020 – 156,471 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro lies again about chloroquine and guarantees that the medicine would be 100% effective against COVID-19 – which wasn’t and still isn’t true.
October 24th, 2020, 156,903 deaths in Brazil
The Bolsonaro and Trump governments work together to set back China’s influence in WHO, including in terms of the supply of vaccines against COVID-19, which in turn explains the disagreements between the Palácio do Planalto and Butantan.
With João Doria leading the “race” for the vaccine in Brazil, bots in favor of Bolsonaro spend the weekend calling out for Doria’s downfall on Twitter.
October 26th, 2020 – 157,397 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro advocates that there should be more investment in non-existent drugs than in vaccines against COVID-19, whose trials were already in advanced development stages.
The second wave, which had already plagued Europe and the United States, shows its first signs in the state of Amazonas. A referral hospital reports having 94% of its ICU beds occupied.
October 28th, 2020 — 158,456 deaths in Brazil
Ricardo Barros, leader of the Bolsonaro government, brings together a group of denialists for an external House of Representatives’ committee that monitors COVID-19.
October 29th, 2020 — 158,969 deaths in Brazil
Reinforcing his insane bet, Jair Bolsonaro tells João Dória to “get someone else” to pay for the production of the Coronavac’s vaccine.
Paulo Guedes states that Brazil would not face a second wave of COVID-19, but that the country would be prepared to deal with it if that came to be the case. The minister was wrong on both counts.
October 30th, 2020 — 159,477 deaths in Brazil
Vice-president Hamilton Mourão guarantees that the Bolsonaro government would purchase doses of Coronavac. Jair Bolsonaro contradicts his statement by ensuring that the president is the one in charge.
November 9th, 2020 – 162,628 deaths in Brazil
João Doria announces that he would receive the first shipment of 120 thousand doses of Coronavac within 11 days.
Hours later, Anvisa suspends Coronavac trials claiming to have received a report about a “serious adverse event”.
The director of Butantan immediately finds the suspension weird as the death was not related to the vaccine.
November 10th, 2020, 162,802 deaths in Brazil
On the following day, Jair Bolsonaro celebrates the suspension of the Coronavac trials as a personal victory.
With no proof or evidence, the President of the Republic accuses Coronavac of causing death and disabilities.
November 11th, 2020 – 163,368 deaths in Brazil
After clarifying the issue, Butantan resumes its Coronavac trials.
November 12th, 2020 — 164,281 deaths in Brazil
After being “defeated”, Bolsonaro suggests that the volunteer might have committed suicide due to a side effect of Coronavac.
November 13th, 2020 – 164,737 deaths in Brazil
Even with COVID-19 numbers again on the rise, Jair Bolsonaro says that the warnings about a possible second wave of the disease were just “jibber-jabber“.
November 18th, 2020 — 167,455 deaths in Brazil
The page of the Ministry of Health on Twitter correctly disagrees with a user who advocated for the misuse of azithromycin as a treatment for COVID-19, but retracts the reply.
November 20th, 2020 – 168,613 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health starts a series of conversations with pharmaceutical companies about the production of vaccines, but does not include Coronavac in this group, despite it being among those whose trials had been in late stage development in Brazil.
November 21st, 2020 — 168,989 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro takes advantage of his speech at G20 to once again draw criticisms about compulsory vaccination, as well as to defend what he calls the “early treatment to fight the disease”.
November 23rd, 2020 — 169,485 deaths in Brazil
The press finds out that almost 7 million tests for COVID-19 are about to expire because the Ministry of Health failed in distributing them.
November 24th, 2020, 170,115 deaths in Brazil
Going against the TCU, the Bolsonaro government does not present a detailed vaccination plan.
The Imperial College warns that Brazil is experiencing the highest transmission rate of the new coronavirus in six months.
Even Eduardo Bolsonaro’s wife draws harsh criticisms against anti-vaccine movements, but later on retracts her comments by saying that she was wrong.
November 26th, 2020, 171,460 deaths in Brazil
Pretending that no one had seen the many videos with the President of the Republic referring to COVID-19 as “a little flu”, Jair Bolsonaro lies by saying that there are “no video or audio files” of himself using the term.
Included in the pack of initiatives that went in opposition to health recommendations, Jair Bolsonaro makes absurd attacks against the use of masks, treating it as “the last taboo to be broken”.
December 1st, 2020 – 173,817 deaths in Brazil
Even with Butantan willing to sell the vaccines all across Brazil, the Ministry of Health plans to start the vaccination only as of March 2021.
December 2nd, 2020 — 174,515 deaths in Brazil
Hospitals in Rio de Janeiro have 98% of its ICU beds for COVID-19 occupied.
In response to the low number of tests, which could reduce the damage by better mapping the progress of COVID-19, Eduardo Pazuello advocates that “the true diagnosis is the clinical one, not the test“.
Due to delays in Bolsonaro government’s planning, manufacturers warn that they would need 7 months to deliver the syringes that had been ordered by the Ministry of Health.
December 3rd, 2020 — 175,270 deaths in Brazil
After 282 days of pandemic, the Ministry of Health had already wasted R$88 million intended for fighting COVID-19 in campaigns aimed at sabotaging social isolation and at praising the agribusiness.
December 7th, 2020 — 177,317 deaths in Brazil
Antonio Barra Torres, the president of Anvisa and who attended pro-coup gatherings alongside Jair Bolsonaro in the beginning of the pandemic, complains about having to define deadlines.
Even amidst the second wave of COVID-19, Jair Bolsonaro finds time on his schedule to inaugurate an exhibition of his very own clothes.
December 8th, 2020 — 178,159 deaths in Brazil
Eduardo Pazuello says that Anvisa would have any vaccine registered only by the end of February 2021.
A São Paulo-based congressman who supports Bolsonaro asks Anvisa not to authorize the distribution of Coronavac in Brazil.
Manufacturers warn that the Bolsonaro government has yet to disclose a vaccination schedule, which could delay the delivery of syringes and needles.
December 9th, 2020, 178,995 deaths in Brazil
Luiz Henrique Mandetta warns that the National Immunization Plan for COVID-19 disclosed by Eduardo Pazuello is merely a copy of the flu vaccination plan.
December 10th, 2020 — 179,765 deaths in Brazil
While Brazil confirms more than 50,000 new cases of COVID-19 in only 24 hours, the new Minister of Tourism asks governors and Mayors to “not declare lockdowns”.
December 15th, 2020 — 182,799 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro reveals that he had asked the Minister of Health to campaign against COVID-19 vaccines.
December 16th, 2020 — 183,735 deaths in Brazil
With more than 400,000 tablets of chloroquine stranded in stock, the Bolsonaro government prepares a new purchase of the drug.
December 18th, 2020 — 185,650 deaths in Brazil
In yet another anti-vaccine speech, Jair Bolsonaro complains about possible side effects, making use of a hyperbole that becomes a joke around the world: he says that those who get the vaccine might turn into alligators.
December 19th, 2020 — 186,356 deaths in Brazil
With Brazil approaching 200,000 deaths from COVID-19, Jair Bolsonaro says that “the rush for the vaccine is not justified“.
December 20, 2020 — 186,764 deaths in Brazil
While the pandemic reaches day 299, an audit by TCU confirms that the Ministry of Health does not have a strategic plan to fight COVID-19 and warns about the shortage of protective equipment and tests.
At the same time, some health departments report having received enough chloroquine to meet the needs of their local population for about a century.
December 21st, 2020 — 187,291 deaths in Brazil
The Army explains that they had purchased overpriced and unnecessary chloroquine to “give hope” – but all it did was to weaken preventive measures.
December 24th, 2020 — 189,982 deaths in Brazil
On Christmas Eve, Jair Bolsonaro celebrates the delay in the disclosure of the efficacy of Coronavac.
December 26th, 2020 — 190,795 deaths in Brazil
December 29th, 2020 — 192,681 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health provides less than 3% of the 331 million syringes needed for the vaccination against COVID-19.
January 1st, 2021 — 195,411 deaths in Brazil
Even while unaware of the precise period when the second wave would reach its peak, Jair Bolsonaro vetoes part of the budget proposal in order to prevent greater expenses with the vaccination.
The Bolsonaro government also puts an end to the tax exemption of gas storage cylinders imports, which impacts the supply of oxygen in hospitals.
January 3rd, 2021 — 196,018 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health is informed of the “impending possibility of a health system collapse”.
January 4th, 2021 — 196,561 deaths in Brazil
Didier Raoult, the French doctor who first published an article about the (fake) miracles of chloroquine, admits for the first time that the medicine is not effective against COVID-19.
January 6th, 2021 — 198,974 deaths in Brazil
After paying 167% more for an unnecessary amount of chloroquine, the Bolsonaro government suspends the purchase of syringes until the price drops to its normal value – that is, as long as the pandemic persists.
January 7th, 2021 – 200,498 deaths in Brazil
White Martins, the main medical supplier in Manaus, warns about the shortage of oxygen in the capital city of the state of Amazonas.
On the same date, Eduardo Pazuello tries to force the city of Manaus to use what he refers to as the “early treatment” – that is, drugs that failed to prove their efficacy, such as chloroquine.
January 08th, 2021 — 201,460 deaths in Brazil
Eduardo Pazuello is already aware of the shortage of oxygen in Manaus.
While refusing to get the vaccine, Jair Bolsonaro classifies his own vaccination card as confidential for 100 years.
January 9th, 2021 — 202,631 deaths in Brazil
Despite the 200,000 deaths caused by COVID-19, the Minister of Tourism celebrates that the Brazilian beaches are “overcrowded.”
January 10th, 2021 — 203,100 deaths in Brazil
During a meeting held in Manaus, the Bolsonaro government asks the largest city in the Amazon region to take less severe measures instead of imposing a lockdown.
January 11th, 2021 — 203,580 deaths in Brazil
January 13th, 2021 – 205,964 deaths in Brazil
After denying the shortage of syringes, the Ministry of Health acknowledges to the Supreme Court that there are not enough syringes for the vaccination against COVID-19.
On Twitter, the Ministry advertises what it refers to as an “early treatment”, a treatment that is not recommended by any serious entity.
January 14th, 2021 — 207,095 deaths in Brazil
The Ministry of Health releases an app to encourage the use of medicines that failed to prove their efficacy in the treatment against COVID-19.
While extremely irresponsible, the app even prescribes antibiotics to anyone who reaches a minimum score calculated by a simple algorithm.
It should be noted that the overuse of antibiotics in such treatments can foster the appearance of super bacterias resistant to other medicines.
As predicted, the health system collapses, and hospitals in Manaus run out of oxygen.
The state of Amazonas warns that, due to the lack of oxygen, 60 premature babies must be transferred to other states.
At least 51 people die across the state of Amazonas due to lack of oxygen.
Even so, Wilson Lima, governor of Amazonas, following the guidelines of the Ministry of Health, signs an executive order relaxing the current measures instead of adopting a lockdown.
January 15th, 2021 — 208,246 deaths in Brazil
Falling behind in the race for the vaccine, the Bolsonaro government labels an airplane to bring vaccines from India. The buzz, however, leads the Asian nation to postpone the deal, to which discretion had been required.
January 17th, 2021 — 209,847 deaths in Brazil
Thanks to the efforts made by the government of São Paulo, Brazil finally manages to deliver the first shot of the vaccine. Which, in this case, is the Coronavac, the one that Jair Bolsonaro attacked the most.
The President of the Republic, who went so far as to celebrate the suspension of the vaccine due to a suicide, disappears from social media after the vaccination begins.
The Ministry of Health holds a press conference in an attempt to outshine the one João Dória was holding. He lies by saying that the Ministry had paid for the vaccine that the government of São Paulo was distributing.
January 18th, 2021 – 210,328 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro finally reappears. In a Freudian slip, he blurts out “despite the vaccine”, but quickly tries to mend his statement.
The President of the Republic, who tried so hard to sabotage Butantan’s work, now says that the Coronavac belongs to Brazil, “not to any governor“.
Furthermore, Jair Bolsonaro, once again mentioning the Army as a means to a coup, threatens democracy.
Eduardo Pazuello lies by denying that he had endorsed ineffective medicines to treat COVID-19.
The Minister of Health, who had been invited to take office over his alleged expertise on logistics, delays the distribution of Coronavac to other states in the country.
January 19th, 2021 — 211,491 deaths in Brazil
The diplomatic crisis between Brazil and China, powered by xenophobic attacks by the Bolsonaro family and the President’s supporters, hinders the acquisition of materials for the production of more vaccines in Brazil.
January 25th, 2021 — 217,664 deaths in Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro shares on social media a video that refers to the pandemic as a “funereal mediatic joke“.
January 28th, 2021 — 221,547 deaths in Brazil
On the day that the country registers the third highest number of deaths by COVID-19, Jair Bolsonaro uses social media to advocate that football fans should be allowed in stadiums “as soon as possible“.
February 1st, 2021 — 225,099 deaths in Brazil
Going against demonstrations in favor of an impeachment process, the National Congress chooses two allies of Jair Bolsonaro to be the heads of the House of Representatives and of the Senate.
To achieve this, the government, which went so far as to cancel the purchase of syringes due to their price, provided R$3 billion in budget amendments to 85 representatives.
This research tried to catalog, as much as possible, the episodes in which Jair Bolsonaro, the Federal Government, or even the supporters of the President of the Republic, including Bolsonaro’s family, hindered the fight against COVID-19.
At a time when the media is overflowed with information, there are detailed records of every single relevant fact, which helps us in the documentation of these events in history.
However, one of such events still lacks a more accurate time stamp, though it can put an end to any doubts concerning whether the timeline above conveys a colossal sequence of crimes or mistakes.
Brazil ended March 2020 mourning a total of 201 deaths by COVID-19.
In July 2020, however, Wanderson Oliveira, by the time a former secretary of the Ministry of Health, would reveal that, still in March, the Bolsonaro government knew that the country would pile up 100,000 deaths by September.
In fact, Rubem Novaes, then-president of Banco do Brasil, finished the ministerial meeting on April 22nd, 2020, mentioning that the peak of the pandemic had already been in the past.
Still, Braga Netto, Chief of Staff of the Presidency, replied: “It’s just that you didn’t see the numbers we just disclosed up there, but that’s another story”.
In July 2020, Luiz Henrique Mandetta revealed more details.
According to the former Minister of Health, when deciding to ignore the numbers in the Ministry, Jair Bolsonaro replied: “If there’s any problem, you can make me accountable“.
Also according to Mandetta, Bolsonaro went further and said: “this disease is like the rain. I want everyone to get wet because then everyone will have had this flu at once and it will come to an end“.
In other words, the former Minister of Health accused the President of the Republic of acting deliberately, even though aware of the thousands of deaths he could have avoided, to make Brazilians fall ill.
Brazil has 2.7% of the world’s population, but is responsible for more than 10% of the deaths from COVID-19. Logically, the country faced around 150,000 more deaths than expected for a nation with 211 million inhabitants.
In October 2020, a research revealed that the regions most influenced by Jair Bolsonaro actually presented a higher number of COVID-19 cases, and even more so of deaths.
In January 2021, a Human Rights Watch report concluded that Jair Bolsonaro tried to sabotage Brazil’s works to curb the spread of COVID-19.
Additionally, an Australian study revealed that Brazil was the country that dealt the worst with COVID-19 out of the 98 nations that had been analyzed.
In an effort to map the amount of misinformation produced by the Brazilian President, Aos Fatos, one of the main fact-checkers agencies in Brazil, has already cataloged 982 occasions in which Jair Bolsonaro distorted facts about COVID-19.
But no number is more frightening than the 225,099 deaths by COVID-19 registered in Brazil up to when these words had been written.
It is hard to even grasp what such a number means. This present and extensive research, for example, is nearly 8,000 words long.
If a list were created with only the first name of each fatal victim of COVID-19 in Brazil, this work would take 26 times longer to be read.
Jair Bolsonaro poses such a threat that the acts of sabotage undertaken by the Brazilian government jeopardize all the good work already put into practice by the other nations.
The facts recounted above portray crimes against humanity. Yet, the only Brazilian with the power to investigate Jair Bolsonaro prefers to embarrass the Attorney General’s Office with one (more) threat to democracy.
Therefore, the only solution is to remove Jair Bolsonaro by the means of an impeachment trial. This should be just the first step towards the quest for justice against all those who have been accomplices in such a tragedy.
There is a manifesto by Brazilian former students from Harvard University’s law school that points out the legal path to end this ever growing list of sabotage against public health.
According to that text, “seeking to satisfy only his own personal political interests, the President of the Republic acted unequivocally to facilitate and enhance contagion, deaths and social crisis”.
Also according to the manifesto, “such acts constitute high crimes and misdemeanors, especially considering the clear violation of people’s right to health (Art. 7, Paragraph 9 of Law 1,079/50), of omissions in imposing liability upon subordinates who also violate this right (Art. 9, Paragraph 3 of Law 1,079/50), and the blatant abuse of political power by using the visibility and prestige inherent to the position to discredit consensual health recommendations, boosting the spread of the pandemic and therefore the number of deaths among the population (Art. 9, Paragraph 7 of Law 1,079/50)”.
And yet: “The attempt to obstruct sanitary measures taken by the heads of states and municipalities explains the constant effort to break the federal pact (Art. 6, Paragraph 8 of Law 1,079/50) in search of personal political benefits”.
Sources of Information
This text could not have been written without the work of a professional press that gathered the information referenced above and which has been respectfully acknowledged below: A Tarde, Agência Brasil, Agência Pública, Aos Fatos, BandNews FM, BBC Brasil, BR Político, CNN Brasil, Congresso em Foco, Correio Braziliense, DW, El País Brasil, Época, Estadão, Estado de Minas, Exame, Extra, Folha de S.Paulo, France Bleu, G1, GZH, Isto É, Metropoles, O Antagonista, O Globo, The Weather, Piauí, Reuters, The Guardian, The Straits Time, The Telegraph, The Thaiger, Last Second, UOL, Valor Econômico, Veja and Yahoo News.
There is no decent country without a free press.